focus africa
Focus : Africa
Helping Indian companies do business with Africa
INDIA
INDIA
Africa
AFRICA
INDIA : India’s Trade with the African Region notched US$ 38.96 Billion in the year 2009-10 (DGCI&S provisional figures) constituting 8.37% share in India’s total trade. Trade with the region has grown at a CAGR of 18.10% from US$ 4.48 Billion in 1996-97.
AFRICA : 54 Countries, 1 billion people, US$ 1.01 Billion of trade. Imports worth US$ 468 billion include Mineral Fuels, Oils, Machinery, Vehicles including Boats, Ships, Aircrafts, Electronics & Electricals, Iron & Steel & Articles thereof, Cereals, Plastics, Pharmaceuticals, etc.

Top 20 product groups imported by select African countries ............. [More].
About Africa

Africa is the world's second-largest and also the second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 11.7 million-square miles including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area. Africa stretches from 40 degrees latitude in the north to 34 35' degrees south. Africa has 54 independent countries in which there are 48 mainland and 6 island states. The estimated total population of Africa is 1 billion, which accounts to 15% of the total world population.

The African continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west side. The economic center of the African continent is South Africa which handles major chunk of the total trade in the southern African region. South Africa has a well developed infrastructure and deepwater ports to facilitate the trade in the region. South Africa has signed many agreements with other African countries to enhance the trade in the African region. The most important one in the list is the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) Agreement signed in the year 2002, between the governments of the republic of Botswana, the kingdom of Lesotho, the republic of Namibia, the republic of South Africa and the kingdom of Swaziland. The objectives of the agreement is to facilitate the equitable, cross border movement of the goods between the member state, Promote investment and condition for fair competition in common custom area, enhance the economic development, diversification, industrialization and competitiveness of Member States.

Countries in northern part of Africa have organized themselves into the Southern African Development Conference (SADC). There are fifteen member countries in  Southern African Development Conference (SADC). They are Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The objective of Southern African Development Conference (SADC) is to achieve development and economic growth, alleviate poverty, enhance the standard & quality of life of the peoples of Southern Africa, support the socially disadvantaged through regional integration, evolve common political values, systems & institutions, promote & defend peace and security, promote self-sustaining development on the basis of collective self-reliance, promote and maximize productive employment and utilization of resources of the region, achieve sustainable utilization of natural resources and effective protection of the environment.

1). The GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) is USD 2,758.82 Billions. The world ranking and Rank in Africa, of these African countries along with there GDP in the year 2008 has been shown below.

African Rank
World Rank
Country
2008 GDP (PPP) USD Bn
 Africa
2764.41
1
26
 South Africa
504.2
2
27
 Egypt
450
3
32
 Nigeria
340.2
4
48
 Algeria
233.5
5
58
 Morocco
139.6
6
63
 Angola
115.1
7
71
 Sudan
89.41
8
70
 Libya
92.46
9
74
 Tunisia
82.96
10
79
 Ethiopia
71.06
11
83
 Kenya
62.48
12
85
 Tanzania
55.19
13
95
 Cameroon
43.19
14
93
 Uganda
40.55
15
99
 Ghana
34.93
16
100
 Côte d'Ivoire
34.51
17
111
 Botswana
27.43
18
115
 Equatorial Guinea
23.63
19
118
 Senegal
22.01
20
120
 Gabon
21.2
21
119
 Congo-Kinshasa
20.77
22
121
 Madagascar
20.42
23
123
 Mozambique
19.34
24
125
 Burkina Faso
18.19
25
127
 Zambia
17.7
26
131
 Chad
16.43
27
133
 Mauritius
15.58
28
130
 Congo-Brazzaville
15.39
29
134
 Mali
14.93
30
138
 Namibia
13.49
31
139
 Benin
12.93
32
140
 Malawi
12.09
33
145
 Guinea
10.75
34
146
 Niger
10.25
35
147
 Rwanda
9.6
36
153
 Mauritania
6.47
37
154
 Swaziland
5.91
38
155
 Somalia
5.59
39
158
 Togo
5.11
40
161
 Sierra Leone
4.44
41
165
 Eritrea
4.1
42
170
 Lesotho
3.34
43
169
 Central African Republic
3.25
44
171
 Burundi
3.15
45
179
 Gambia
2.37
46
211
 Zimbabwe
0.32
47
183
 Djibouti
1.89
48
186
 Seychelles
1.84
49
185
 Cape Verde
1.67
50
189
 Liberia
1.55
51
201
 Guinea-Bissau
0.91
52
205
 Comoros
0.75
53
212
 São Tomé and Príncipe
0.28
Trade With India

India’s Total Trade with African Countries

The tabulation I highlights the top 20 Trading countries in Africa continent. The Total Trade in between India and Africa for the year 2007 stands at US$ 30.75 billion where as for the year 2008, total Trade is US$ 42.03 billion, registering a growth rate of 36.70%.
Rank in India's Total Export to Trade with African Region Year 2008
Importers
Total Trade value in 2007 (in USD Bn)
%age Growth Over Previous Year 
Total Trade value in 2008 (in USD Bn)
%age Growth Over Previous Year 
%age Share of Country in India's Total Trade Year 2008
1
Nigeria
8.01
21.09
11.49
43.49
2.31
2
South Africa
5.31
15.43
8.03
51.23
1.61
3
Egypt
3.07
42.75
3.84
25.23
0.77
4
Algeria
1.44
68.56
1.84
27.9
0.37
5
Kenya
1.38
3.32
1.72
24.05
0.34
6
Angola
1.15
204.26
1.62
40.31
0.33
7
Tanzania
0.57
50.18
1.26
120.83
0.25
8
Morocco
0.69
1.86
1.25
80.14
0.25
9
Mauritius
1.06
91.69
1.19
12.97
0.24
10
Sudan
0.6
30.62
1.01
69.23
0.20
11
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
1.18
632.48
0.86
-27.35
0.17
12
Tunisia
0.28
17.99
0.79
181.65
0.16
13
Ghana
0.9
143.94
0.75
-16.69
0.15
14
Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)
0.22
16.22
0.71
218.29
0.14
15
Mozambique
0.42
103.7
0.48
13.47
0.10
16
Guinea
0.88
185.26
0.41
-52.89
0.08
17
Côte d Ivory
0.43
40.71
0.41
-6.21
0.08
18
Djibouti
0.41
19.32
0.4
-2.37
0.08
19
Benin
0.29
37.27
0.36
24.54
0.07
20
Senegal
0.34
38.97
0.34
1.41
0.07
The total Trade in between India and the top 20 countries in African region for the year 2007 stands at US$ 28.64 billion. The trade in between these countries has registered a growth of 35.36% by trading US $ 38.77 billion, for the year 2008. These top 20 countries together have a market share of only 7.79% and Africa region has a market share of 8.45% in the India’s total Trade, which provides an immense opportunity to the companies exporting to or importing from India and African region.
India’s Exports to African countries
India's total export to top 20 African destinations

The tabulation II highlights the top 20 Importing countries in Africa continent. The total exports from India to the Africa for the year 2007 stands at US$ 12.44 billion where as for the year 2008, total exports is US$ 15.38 billion, registering a growth rate of 23.66%.

Rank in India's Total Export to African Region Year 2008
Importers
Exported value in 2007 (USD Million)
% Growth over previous year
Exported value in 2008 (USD Million)
% Growth over previous year
% Share in India's total exports 
1
South Africa
2129.593
1.68
2480.948
16.5
1.36
2
Egypt
1192.242
62
1762.406
47.82
0.97
3
Kenya
1305.394
1.49
1634.414
25.2
0.90
4
Nigeria
992.814
6.42
1369.418
37.93
0.75
5
Mauritius
1044.311
94.05
1176.321
12.64
0.65
6
Tanzania
457.343
64.76
1063.917
132.63
0.59
7
Algeria
340.138
5.13
554.945
63.15
0.31
8
Ghana
767.89
173.71
551.297
-28.21
0.30
9
Sudan
355.731
-2.58
466.62
31.17
0.26
10
Mozambique
393.177
124.76
423.227
7.64
0.23
11
Djibouti
404.999
19.16
394.046
-2.7
0.22
12
Angola
233.825
19.16
330.033
41.15
0.18
13
Madagascar
54.524
32.9
253.67
365.24
0.14
14
Benin
219.949
62.67
244.255
11.05
0.13
15
Morocco
187.542
17.07
234.603
25.09
0.13
16
Ethiopia
163.427
49.22
216.571
32.52
0.12
17
Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)
137.943
0.1
209.254
51.7
0.12
18
Uganda
133.767
21.77
183.522
37.2
0.10
19
Tunisia
114.816
20.65
164.918
43.64
0.09
20
Togo
217.315
108.83
151.975
-30.07
0.08
The total exports from India to the top 20 countries in African region for the year 2007 stands at US$10.85 billion. India has registered a growth of 28.54% by exporting US $ 13.87 billion, for the year 2008. These top 20 countries together have a market share of only 7.62% and Africa region has a total market share of 8.45% in the India’s total exports, which provides an immense opportunity to the companies exporting from India.
India’s Imports from African countries
India's total imports from Africa with top 20 suppliers

The tabulation III highlights the top 20 Exporting countries in Africa continent. The total Imports to India from the Africa for the year 2007 stands at US$ 18.31 billion where as for the year 2008, total Imports is US$ 26.65 billion, registering a growth rate of 45.56%.

Rank in India's Total Imports from African Region Year 2008
Exporters
Imported value in 2007 (in USD Mn)
% Growth over previous year
Imported value in 2008 (in USD Mn)
% Growth over previous year
% Share in India's total Imports
1
Nigeria
7017.4
23.5
10124.67
44.28
3.21
2
South Africa
3181.7
26.91
5551.21
74.47
1.76
3
Egypt
1877.26
32.73
2081.43
10.88
0.66
4
Angola
920.24
402.68
1289.29
40.1
0.41
5
Algeria
1098.24
107.29
1284.68
16.98
0.41
6
Morocco
503.89
-2.84
1010.92
100.62
0.32
7
Libya
1059.97
1309.46
756.89
-28.59
0.24
8
Tunisia
165.68
16.21
625.1
277.29
0.2
9
Sudan
242.51
161.24
545.76
125.05
0.17
10
Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)
84.92
57.37
500.11
488.91
0.16
11
Guinea
762.2
235.84
326.95
-57.11
0.1
12
Côte dIvoire
183.42
-0.35
294.76
60.7
0.09
13
Liberia
44.65
-65.27
293.25
556.76
0.09
14
Senegal
135.41
25.8
207.4
53.17
0.07
15
Gabon
84.03
-19.81
206.26
145.46
0.07
16
Ghana
130.64
48.8
197.26
51
0.06
17
Tanzania
113.6
10.73
196.92
73.34
0.06
18
Zambia
71.83
-14.92
139.32
93.94
0.04
19
Benin
71.06
-7.46
118.16
66.27
0.04
20
Democratic Republic of the Congo
17.12
-8.29
114.32
567.66
0.04
India’s Total Imports from the top 20 countries of African region for the year 2007 stands at US$ 17.77 billion & registered a growth of 44.18% over previous year. India’s Total Imports from top 20 countries stands at US$ 25.86 billion in the year 2008 with a growth of 45.59% over previous year. These top 20 supplier countries together have a market share of only 8.19% and Africa region has a market share of 8.44% in the India’s total Imports, which provides an immense opportunity to the companies exporting to India from Africa region.